Due to increasing stress level in or lives, psychologists are much in demand. Today, visiting a psychologist is no longer la taboo, as it was few years back. Even some schools and colleges make it a point to have psychologist or a counselor, which proves to be an asset both to the students and the teachers.
Psychology is an extremely diverse field with numerous career paths. Some specialties like caring for the mentally ill are familiar to most of us. Others, like helping with the design of advance computer systems or studying how we remember things, are not widely known. A part from the more popular branches, there are increasing job opportunities like industrial and sport Psychology which are the still kin the embryonic stage in India. But the possibilities are tremendous.
Employment of psychologists is growing almost as fast as the average for all occupations. Employment in health- care is fast growing in outpatient mental health and substance abuse treatment clinics. Numerous job opportunities have come up in schools, public and private social service agencies and management consulting services. Companies are using psychologists expertise in survey, design, analysis and research to provide marketing evaluation and statistical analysis. This field offers a wide scope, yet untapped in India.
Psychology has numerous branches of basic as well as applied kind. Important branches are Social and Environmental psychology, organizational Behaviour/ Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Psychometry, industrial Psychology, Developmental, Criminal. Experimental Counselling, Animal Psychology etc. All these branches, though different are still interrelated. Most universities in the country offer various online degree courses related to psychology and many people prefering Online degrees in Psychology and Online Criminal Justice Degree. Various one-year diploma courses in child guidance and counselling are offered by several institutes as well. Short term correspondence courses are also available IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University) is one such institution. There are several one-year diploma courses in special education or mental retardation. The NCERT also offers specialization courses of one to one and a half year duration.
In Clinical Psychology the post Graduation course offers a minimum of three months field posting with any of the development and mental health centres. After that one can join the psychiatry department of a hospital. NIMHANS, Bangalore, is the best institute for specialization in Clinical Psychology Central Institute of Psychology in Ranchi, Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi and the Delhi University also offer courses in clinical psychology.
Clinical problems like neuroticism, psychoneurosis, psychosis and its various offshoots like schizophrenia, hysteria, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc., necessitate the work of a clinical psychologist. The main job of a clinical psychologist is to identify, and diagnose the patients and also apply various therapeutic techniques.